Automotive E-Mobility Innovation System in Czech Republic and Germany

Peugeot iOn full electric vehicle, the part of CEZ group e-mobility pilot project

The concept of e-mobility bears substantial potential, however, there are many hindrances to allow this concept to reach a full potential as a serious alternative to internal-combustion engine vehicles. This research paper intended to investigate the issue of e-mobility infrastructure in terms of electric vehicle charging stations and explore how the issue is elaborated in Czech Republic and Germany. With our research focused on e-mobility, regarding commercially viable concept of operating privately purchased, owned and run passenger-sized, full-EVs as an alternative to all purpose family vehicle. With focus specified, a set of performance indicators on which the research will focus, has been set and utilizing these, the current state of e-mobility infrastructure in Czech Republic and in Germany has been explored, concentrating on quantifiable data. Furthermore, the research concentrated on exploring the most prolific and predominant models and project of e-mobility innovation in the two countries, as identified under the leading corporate incentives in the respective regions, comparing the apparent goals and targets that are to be reached in the individual countries. With the acquired data analyzed and compared, certain conclusions have been reached, regarding the comparative state of e-mobility infrastructure and its prospects in Czech Republic in Germany, identifying most prolific gaps and deficiencies. With these lacks identified, the team subsequently outlined a suggestion that might be implemented in order to close the identified gap between the e-mobility innovations systems in the two countries.

Authors: Bc. Barták, T.; Bc. Klech, J.; Bc. Návělek, V.
Supervisor: Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. Günter H. Hertel

1. Abstract

In order to elaborate on the concept of full-EV as a alternative to traditional personal vehicles solutions, this paper intends to:

  • Investigate the issue of e-mobility infrastructure in Czech Republic and Germany
  • Analyze and derive comparative conclusions about the status and future prospects of e-mobility infrastructure in the aforementioned countries
  • Give certain suggestions and proposition, based on data analyzed

Volunteer charging stations (Czech Electric Cars Association) (March 10, 2012)

2. Research Focus Specification

The primary focus will be on e-mobility infrastructure that is directly linked to operating privately purchased, owned and run passenger-sized, full-EVs, with focus on the following key performance indicators:

  •  Number of charging points
  • Financial investments
  • Temporal reference frames
  • Governmental subsidy

Map of CEZ charging stations (March 10, 2012)

 

3. E-Mobility Infrastructure in Czech Republic

Current State of E-Mobility Infrastructure in CZE

  • 9 (March 2012) ČEZ professional charging stations
  • EUR 271 per vehicle governmental subsidy

A network of 159 (March 12, 2012) volunteer (non-professional) charging stations
(Czech Electric Cars Association initiative) had to be excluded due poor commercial usability. The number of charging stations of other energy corporations is negligible.

The variations in charging sockets technical specifications

Innovation and Development of E-mobility Infrastructure in CZE

ČEZ intends to build up to 50 new charging points all around Czech Republic by the end of 2012 and (200 in total by 2013)

Intended E-Mobility Infrastructure and Services

Map of transmission systems in Germany

Currently implemented model of e-mobility infrastructure is attempting to pin-point the most attractive potential charging locations for the potential customers and elaborate the structure accordingly in order to maximize the usage of EV idle time for recharging (At home, at work, at retail parking/public space) with a convenient payment system.

4. E-Mobility Infrastructure in Germany

Current State of E-Mobility Infrastructure in DE

  • 1162 (January 2012) RWE charging stations
  • EUR 380 per vehicle governmental subsidy (40% more than in CZE)

For e-mobility infrastructure, Germany is divided into four major transmissions systems operators, run by individual utility companies (Vattenfall → 50HERTZ, EON → Transpower, RWE → Ampirion, EnBW→ EnBW Transport). These companies set up charging stations as part of field testing with car manufacturers, their number and functionality is uncertain).

5. Innovation and Development of E-mobility Infrastructure in DE

The government in Germany established a e-mobility innovation project “Schaufenster Elektromobilität” (launched in early 2012) , which includes evaluating, choosing and allocating financial resources (EUR 50 mil. (May 2012) +additional EUR 180 mil. in 2012-2015) to e-mobility pilot projects for four major regions:

  • „Living Lab BW E-Mobil“ (Baden-Württemberg)
  • „Internationales Schaufenster der Elektromobilität“ (Berlin/Brandenburg)
  • „Unsere Pferdestärken werden elektrisch“ (Niedersachsen)
  • „Elektromobilität verbindet“ (Bayern/Sachsen)

The project entails up to EUR 200 mil. for the total number of 82 projects. It is estimated that as much as EUR 12 bn. will be additionally invested in e-mobility by German automotive industry.

6. Findings, comparison and conclusion

In both countries, current e-mobility infrastructures are under a direct management of two predominant innovators – ČEZ and RWE Group. The amount of governmental subsidy in both countries is very similar, but the difference in current numbers of EV charging stations in both countries is striking, as is apparent difference in comparing the leading e-mobility innovation projects in the two countries. The data suggest that Czech Republic, in terms of e-mobility maturity level, lacks behind Germany (such observation is also backed by the numbers of EV sold in both countries for 1st half of 2010 (43 in CZE/1020 in DE). Furthermore, the effect of governmental subsidy on EV sales is questionable. It is therefore concluded, that the limiting key factor to the further increase in electric car sales and their general implementation is the e-mobility infrastructure and the level of its development.
In order to close the apparent gap between CZE and DE in terms of e-mobility and its infrastructure, the government of Czech Republic might execute a subsidiary e-mobility project, which might include the following:

  • Create an official e-mobility infrastructure development and innovation framework in order to set measurable target parameters
  • Set target goals in terms of performance indicators
  • Set financial limitations and budgets in order to express the degree of its engagement to the project
  • Inform the general public on its intentions in order to raise general awareness of e-mobility in Czech Republic
  • Establish governmental grant committee that would set and distribute financial resources to universities in order to stimulate non-technical e-mobility related research

7. Links and reference

Bei uns findet sich alles, was man für die Zukunft des Automobils braucht (E-Mobil BW interview)
ČEZ E-Mobility website
ČEZ plugs electric cars with charging network (Czechposition.com article)
ČEZ, The first leading European power company investing in e-mobility in CEE region (presentation)
Czech Electric Cars Association website
Czech Focus – The Future of Electric Vehicles (Magazine of the Association for Foreign Investment)
Elektromobilita musí být především dobrý byznys (hybrid.cz article)
ELEKTROMOBILITÄT VERBINDET
Elektromobily, které si teď můžete koupit (hybrid.cz article)
ENTSO-E Member Companies
JATO Report (Incentives fail to stimulate European electric car sales)
Podpora státu nemá vliv na prodeje elektromobilů (DirectBlog article)
RWE E-Mobility website
Schaufenster Elektromobilität (Heise Autos article)
Smart Charging Infrastructure for Electric Vehicles in Germany and Europe (RWE Group)
V České Republice vyroste 200 nabíjecích stanic pro elektrická auta (hybrid.cz article)

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